Please email Sean if you’re having problems getting hold of any of these.

refereed publications

  1. Evans MHR, Lihou KL & Rands SA (in press). Black-headed gulls synchronise their activity with their nearest neighbours. Scientific Reports
  2. Lawson DA, Chittka L, Whitney HM & Rands SA (2018). Bumblebees distinguish floral scent patterns, and can transfer these to corresponding visual patterns. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 258: 20180661 | full text | altmetric: 56
  3. Prodger IM, Rands SA & Schwitzer C (in press). Non-forest matrix crossing in the blue-eyed black lemur Eulemur flavifrons (Gray, 1867). Lemur News
  4. Lawson DA & Rands SA (2018). The evolution of floral nectar guides: using a genetic algorithm to investigate the evolution of optimal floral cue arrangements. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 123: 739-753 | full text (courtesy of Oxford University Press) | altmetric: 2
  5. Harrap MJM, Rands SA, Hempel de Ibarra N & Whitney HM (2017). The diversity of floral temperature patterns, and their use by pollinators. eLife 6: e31262 | full text (open access) | dryad dataset | accompanying insight article by Bing & Kessler | altmetric: 189
  6. Lawson DA, Whitney HM & Rands SA (2017). Colour as a backup for scent in the presence of olfactory noise: testing the efficacy backup hypothesis using bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). Royal Society Open Science 4: 170996 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 11
  7. Lawson DA, Whitney HM & Rands SA (2017). Nectar discovery speeds and multimodal displays: assessing discovery times in bees with radiating and non-radiating guides. Evolutionary Ecology 31: 899-912 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 5
  8. Pearce RF, Giuggioli L & Rands SA (2017). Bumblebees can discriminate between scent-marks deposited by conspecifics. Scientific Reports 7: 43872 | full text (open access) | pdf | New Scientist coverage | altmetric: 250
  9. Rands SA (2017). Leaving safety to visit a feeding site: is it optimal to hesitate while exposed? Royal Society Open Science 4: 160910 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 6
  10. McDonald ND, Rands SA, Hill F, Elder C & Ioannou CC (2016). Consensus and experience trump leadership, suppressing individual personality during social foraging. Science Advances 2: e1600892 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 79
  11. Whitney HM, Reed A, Rands SA, Chittka L & Glover BJ (2016). Flower iridescence increases object detection in the insect visual system without compromising object identity. Current Biology 26: 802-808 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 95
  12. Giles SL, Nicol CJ, Harris PA & Rands SA (2015). Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses (Equus caballus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 166: 71-79 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 9
  13. Giles SL, Nicol CJ, Rands SA & Harris PA (2015). Assessing the seasonal prevalence and risk factors for nuchal crest adiposity in domestic horses and ponies using the Cresty Neck Score. BMC Veterinary Research 11: 13 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 4
  14. Rands SA (2015). Nearest neighbour clusters as a novel technique for assessing group associations. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140232 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 7
  15. Giles SL, Rands SA, Nicol CJ & Harris PA (2014). Obesity prevalence and associated risk factors in outdoor living domestic horses and ponies. PeerJ 2: e299 | full text (open access) | pdf | blog | altmetric: 12
  16. Rands SA (2014). Landscape fragmentation and pollinator movement within agricultural environments: a modelling framework for exploring foraging and movement ecology. PeerJ 2: e269 | full text (open access) | pdf | blog | altmetric: 3
  17. Rands SA (2014). We must consider dynamic changes in behavior in social networks, and conduct manipulations: comment on Pinter-Wollman et al. Behavioral Ecology 25: 259-260 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 2
  18. Rands SA, Muir H & Terry NL (2014). Red deer synchronise their activity with close neighbours. PeerJ 2: e344 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 15
  19. Whitney HM, Milne G, Rands SA, Vignolini S, Martin C & Glover BJ (2013). The influence of pigmentation patterning on bumblebee foraging from flowers of Antirrhinum majus. Naturwissenschaften 100: 249-256 | abstract | altmetric: 78
  20. Rands SA (2012). Mobbing and sitting tight at the nest as methods of avoiding brood parasites. Interface Focus 2: 217-225 | full text (freely accessible at publisher site)
  21. Rands SA (2012). Using physical and computer simulations of collective behaviour as an introduction to modelling concepts for applied biologists. Bioscience Education 19: article 4 | article (freely accessible at publisher site)
  22. Simpson HI, Rands SA & Nicol CJ (2012). Social structure, vigilance and behaviour of plains zebra (Equus burchellii): a five year study of individuals living on a managed wildlife reserve with no resident large predators. Acta Theriologica 57: 111-120 | abstract | pdf (postprint version) | altmetric: 15
  23. Whitney HM, Rands SA, Elton NJ & Ellis AG (2012). A technique for measuring petal gloss, with examples from the Namaqualand flora. PLoS One 7: e29476 | full text (open access) | pdf
  24. Rands SA (2011). The effects of dominance on leadership and energetic gain: a dynamic game between pairs of social foragers. PLoS Computational Biology 7: e1002252 | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 3
  25. Rands SA (2011). Approximating optimal behavioural strategies down to rules-of-thumb: energy reserve changes in pairs of social foragers. PLoS One 6: e22104 | full text (open access) | pdf
  26. Rands SA (2011). Inclusion of policies on ethical standards in animal experiments in biomedical science journals. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 50: 901-903 | abstract and pdf (freely accessible at publisher site)
  27. Rands SA (2011). Using an animal group vigilance practical session to give learners a ‘heads-up’ to problems in experimental design. Bioscience Education 17: c1 | full text (freely accessible at publisher site)
  28. Rands SA, Evans MR & Johnstone RA (2011). The dynamics of honesty: modelling the growth of costly, sexually-selected ornaments. PLoS One 6: e27174 [online] | full text (open access) | pdf | altmetric: 2
  29. Rands SA, Glover BJ & Whitney HM (2011). Floral epidermal structure and flower orientation: getting to grips with awkward flowers. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 5: 279-285 | abstract | pdf (postprint version)
  30. Rands SA & Whitney HM (2011). Field margins, foraging distances and their impacts on nesting pollinator success. PLoS One 6: e25971 | full text (open access) | pdf | blog | altmetric: 5
  31. Rands SA (2010). Self-improvement for team-players: the effects of individual effort on aggregated group information. PLoS One 5: e11705 | full text (open access) | pdf
  32. Rands SA (2010). Group-movement ‘initiation’ and state-dependent decision-making. Behavioural Processes 84: 668-670 | details | pdf (postprint version)
  33. Rands SA (2010). Considering adaptation and the ‘function’ of traits in the classroom, using wiki tools. Evolution: Education and Outreach 3: 633-640 | abstract | full text (open access) | pdf
  34. Rands SA, Clarke D, Hallett JE & Whitney HM (2010). Unusual honeypot-building behaviour in captively reared bumble bees Bombus terrestris. Journal of Apicultural Research 49: 345-347 | details | pdf (provided with permission of IBRA, the International Bee Research Association)
  35. Rands SA & Whitney HM (2010). Effects of pollinator density-dependent preferences on field margin pollination in the midst of agricultural monocultures: a modelling approach. Ecological Modelling 221: 1310-1316 | abstract | pdf (postprint version)
  36. Johnstone RA, Rands SA & Evans MR (2009). Sexual selection and condition-dependence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 2387-2394 | abstract
  37. Rands SA (2009). Ethical policies on experiments involving animals are not compromised by whether a journal is freely accessible or charges for publication. Animal 3: 1591-1595 | abstract
  38. Ang TZ, O’Luanaigh C, Rands SA, Balmford A & Manica A (2008). Quantifying the costs and benefits of protective egg coating in a Chrysomelid beetle. Ecological Entomology 33: 484-487 | abstract
  39. Rands SA, Cowlishaw G, Pettifor RA, Rowcliffe JM & Johnstone RA (2008). The emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs when the qualities of individuals differ. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8: article 51 | abstract | pdf | full text (open access)
  40. Rands SA & Whitney HM (2008). Floral temperature and optimal foraging: is heat a feasible floral reward for pollinators? PLoS One 3: e2007 | pdf | full text (open access)
  41. Whitney HM, Dyer A, Chittka L, Rands SA & Glover BJ (2008). The interaction of temperature and sucrose concentration on foraging preferences in bumblebees. Naturwissenschaften 95: 845-850 | abstract | pdf | full text
  42. Fenton A & Rands SA (2006). The impact of parasite manipulation and predator foraging behavior on the structure of predator-prey communities. Ecology 87: 2832-2841 | abstract
  43. O’Luanaigh C, Ang TZ, Manica A & Rands SA (2006). Non-random mating in the beetle Cryptocephalus hypochaeridis. Bulletin of Insectology 59: 11-15 | pdf
  44. Rands SA, Cuthill IC & Houston AI (2006). Explaining individual variation in patterns of mass loss in breeding birds. Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling 3: article 20 | abstract | pdf | full text (open access)
  45. Rands SA, Houston AI & Cuthill IC (2006). Measurement of mass change in breeding birds: a bibliography and discussion of measurement techniques. Ringing & Migration 23: 1-5 | abstract
  46. Rands SA & Johnstone RA (2006). Statistical measures for defining an individual’s degree of independence within state-dependent dynamic games. BMC Evolutionary Biology 6: article 81 | abstract | pdf | full text (open access)
  47. Rands SA, Pettifor RA, Rowcliffe JM & Cowlishaw G (2006). Social foraging and dominance relationships: the effects of socially mediated interference. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 60: 572-581 | abstract | pdf | full text
  48. Fenton A & Rands SA (2004). Optimal parasite infection strategies: a state-dependent approach. International Journal for Parasitology 34: 813-821 | abstract
  49. Rands SA, Pettifor RA, Rowcliffe JM & Cowlishaw G (2004). State-dependent foraging rules for social animals in selfish herds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 271: 2613-2620 | abstract
  50. Rands SA, Cowlishaw G, Pettifor RA, Rowcliffe JM & Johnstone RA (2003). The spontaneous emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs. Nature 423: 432-434 | abstract
  51. Rands SA & Cuthill IC (2001). Separating the effects of predation risk and interrupted foraging upon mass changes in the blue tit, Parus caeruleus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 268: 1783-1790 | abstract
  52. Rands SA, Houston AI & Gasson CE (2000). Prey processing in central place foragers. Journal of Theoretical Biology 202: 161-174 | abstract

currently in review, or shortly to be submitted…

  1. Lawson DA & Rands SA. The effects of rainfall on plant-pollinator interactions and the pollination of flowers.
  2. Prodger IM, Schwitzer C & Rands SA. Female dominance, social structure and diurnal association behaviour in wild-living blue-eyed black lemurs Eulemur flavifrons.
  3. Rands SA & Ioannou CC. Personality is eroded by simple social behaviours.

… plus a few other manuscripts that are also in review (ooh, how enigmatic!).

published abstract

  1. Giles S, Harris PA, Nicol CJ & Rands SA (2013). Variation in body condition in small groups of horses. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research 8: e6 | abstract

book chapter

  1. Rands SA, Pettifor RA, Rowcliffe JM & Cowlishaw G (2012). State-dependent foraging rules for social animals in selfish herds, in “Modelling natural action selection” (eds. Seth AK, Prescott TJ & Bryson JJ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (updated version of manuscript appearing in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 2004), pp 523-537.

book reviews

  1. Rands SA (2014). Review of “An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology, fourth edition” (Davies, Krebs & West: Blackwell 2012). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 151: 128-129 | review
  2. Rands SA (2011). Review of “Collective Animal Behavior” (Sumpter: Princeton University Press 2010). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 134: 83-84 | review
  3. Rands SA (2009). Review of “Exploring animal social networks” (Croft, James & Krause: Princeton University Press 2008), “Analyzing animal societies – quantitative methods for vertebrate social analysis” (Whitehead: Chicago University Press 2008), and “The structure and dynamics of networks” (Newman, Barabási & Watts: Princeton University Press 2006). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 120: 120-122 | review
  4. Rands SA (1998). Review of “Instant notes in animal biology” (Jorg: Bios Scientific Publishers 1997). Molecular Biotechnology 10: 89 | review

other writing

2008 chapter on ‘Society’ in ‘Animal Life’ (editor-in-chief Charlotte Uhlenbroek), Dorling Kindersley

2009 co-author of ‘Teaching Triple Science Quick Guide: Animal Behaviour’